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Guru Tegh Bahadur's Martyrdom Day 2022: Here's all you need to know about the ninth Sikh Guru

Check here some interesting facts and everything you need to know about Guru Tegh Bahadur.

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Guru Tegh Bahadur
Guru Tegh Bahadur

By India Today Web Desk: Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of the Sikh religion, died on this day, November 24. It was on this day in 1675 that Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in Delhi by the then Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb because he opposed the policy of religious persecution at that time.

He is famous for protecting Sikhs and Hindus from a 17th-century law that forced them to convert to Islam. He also wrote 15 ragas, 782 compositions, and 116 shabads. The tenets of Guru Nanak were preached by him in places such as Kashmir and Assam in the country.

HERE ARE SOME FACTS ABOUT GURU TEGH BAHADUR:

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    He was the ninth Guru of the Sikhs. In 1665, he became the Guru and served until his death in 1675.

  • Under Aurangzeb's rule, Guru Tegh Bahadur spoke out against forced Islamic conversions. On the orders of the Mughal emperor, he was publicly executed in Chandni Chowk, New Delhi, in 1675.

  • To combat the might of the Mughals, his son Guru Gobind Singh transformed the Sikh community into a martial race.

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was born as Tyaga Mal. The name Guru Tegh Bahadur was given to him by Guru Hargobind.

ABOUT THE 9th GURU OF THE SIKH RELIGION:

The untimely death of Guru Harkrishan left the Sikhs in a dilemma as to who'd be the next guru of the Sikh religion. There's a legend regarding how the 9th guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was found. The legend says that Baba Makhan Shah Labana, a wealthy trader, had prayed for his life and had promised to gift 500 gold coins to the next guru if he survived. He went around meeting gurus and gifting them 2 gold coins and expecting that the real guru would already have heard his silent promise. Each of them accepted his 2 coins and bid him farewell. It was Guru Tegh Bahadur who reminded him of his promise when he gave him just 2 coins. This is how the 9th guru, Tegh Bahadur, was found.